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Phosphorus - mineral substance for bones and teeth
Phosphorus is a mineral substance found in the human body exclusively as phosphate, ie in combination with oxygen. This essential mineral needs to be ingested with food as the body can not make it on its own. About 700 g of phosphorus are contained in the organism, mainly in conjunction with calcium, it is stored in the bones and teeth. The tasks that phosphorus takes on in the body are very diverse. Among other things, this mineral is significantly involved in the generation and transmission of energy, serves as a building block in the cell membranes and has an effect on the action of various hormones. In addition, it is used by the body as a buffer in the acid-base balance, thus keeping the pH of the blood stable. The daily requirement for phosphorus in a healthy person is about 700 mg. However, in children growing, as well as pregnant and nursing women, the need is increased. Milk and its products, meat, fish or nuts are excellent sources of natural phosphorus. However, the absorption of phosphate in the body is closely linked to the absorption of calcium, too much calcium in the body inhibits phosphate absorption. Iron or zinc also reduce phosphate uptake. Certain diseases, such as alcoholism or kidney dysfunction, but also poor nutrition can cause phosphate deficiency. This can go undetected for a long time, as if it is missing, it will provide it with minerals from the bones. A mild deficiency may be manifested by the onset of nausea and vomiting with concomitant weight loss, as well as fatigue and weakness. However, a slight deficiency of phosphate can be remedied by appropriate supplementation. However, if the deficiency is more serious, bones may soften. Also, the remedy is not quite so easy. Often, phosphorus must be given intravenously and medical attention is required. An excess supply of phosphorus, however, is not possible in healthy people. The phosphorus, which is too much in the body, is excreted via the urine.